48 Hour Reading Challenge Finish Line

Start Time: 9:30 am, Friday, June 6th

Finish Time: 9:30 am, Sunday, June 9th

Hour Breakdown: 

Friday: 9:30-10:30 am: (1 hour); 1:15-2:15 pm: (1 hour)

Saturday: 12:45-1:15 am: (1/2 hour); 12:15-1:15 pm: (1 hour); 1:30-4:30 pm: (3 hours); 5:50-10:10 pm (4 hours, 20 minutes)

Sunday: 7:30-9:30 am: (2 hours)

 Total Hours: 12 hours, 50 minutes

Total Books Read: 2.5

Total Pages Read: ~700

REVIEWS!

Book: Girl Parts by John M. Cusick

Total Current Reviews on Goodreads: 1,234

Date Published: August 10, 2010

Publisher: Candlewick

Format: Audiobook

This is probably going to be the strangest sentence I ever typed, but this book was a cross between Feed by M.T. Anderson and the movies Failure to Launch and Pretty Woman. Set in a not too faraway future, where teenagers use the internet so much that they’re starting to suffer from “dissociative disorder,” robot female companions have been invented to help the boys develop “real” relationships and reconnect with reality and, hopefully, their moral consciousnesses. It was an interesting idea–I was still thinking about the plot line days afterwards–but not really my cup of tea, mostly I believe because of how similar the futuristic setting was to Feed, another good book (for others) but set in a world I didn’t really enjoy visiting.

Book: The Art of Lainey by Paula Stokes

Total Current Reviews on Goodreads: 593

Date Published: May 20, 2014

Publisher: HarperTeen

There’s that argument that there are only a few stories that can be told and we retell them over and over again. From the first page, it was clear that this book was one of the “boyfriend breaks up with me, I want him back, but by the end of the book I’m going to realize he was wrong for me and fall in love with the right boy,” variety. The title is a spin off of The Art of War, the summer reading title that Lainey ends up pulling advice from to fight for her boyfriend back (cute and clever, no?) But this book was so much more than a standard YA romance. It was so detail-rich–the setting in a suburb of St. Louis, the goth/rock subculture, the really fleshed-out relationships with best friends–that it was full of plot twists, turns, and surprises that I totally wasn’t expecting from what I never anticipated. Mizz Creant’s House of Torture (and Pancakes) for example? With tons of torture-themed breakfast options? With probably one of the “baddest” and dearest “bad boy” character I’ve read in a long time, I was really impressed by how complicated the emotions and world building was. Besides the slight technicality of the main character’s age (she’s a rising high school senior) which actually didn’t affect the plot or characterization in any meaningful way, I would actually say that this doesn’t feel like YA, but New Adult. Personally, I imagined all of the summer shenanigans that went on to be more believable for characters just finishing their freshman year of college, or even older. (Perhaps this is based off personal experience, as I wouldn’t have really been able to relate to many of the things that happened in the book–drinking parties, dance clubs, etc.–until I was a more mature and experienced college student.) I actually think this is a selling point for this book, though, for those readers who desperate for some YA books with older themes, as there isn’t much out there on the New Adult market yet.

Book: The Chance You Won’t Return by Annie Cardi

Total Current Reviews on Goodreads: 188

Date Published: April 22, 2014

Publisher: Candlewick

I actually started this challenge mostly to read this book, but, as I often do, I kept putting off the book I most wanted to read because I wanted to save the most guaranteed feeling of book-enjoyment until the end. As a result, I only got 50% through, though! Annie Cardi is a lovely writer whose blog I’ve followed for years, all the way back before this book was a book and the WIP title was still Queen of Glass, I believe. I’ve enjoyed her blog and her short fiction and as a result I was eagerly anticipating this book for years! Annie was also the one who introduced me to the 48-hour reading challenge, so I thought it would be a fitting tribute to read during the event. So far, the book is lovely. I’m in love. But I’ll have to save the review for my next post.

I think I’m going to keep reading the stack of under-reviewed books I have set aside for the next few weeks. I’m itching to read them all and am a little disappointed that I didn’t make it through more books this weekend or get more reading time in. I ended up having a busier weekend–and probably the most perfect summer weekend–than I expected. A beach day with my best friend, who I haven’t spent time with in too long. A backyard projected screening of Up with my sister and friends. A flea market adventure, some time spent at the pool, and the release of the third season of Sherlock all combined in the same 48 hour period! It’s hard to regret not reading more, with so many amazing things happening.

It was a great weekend, for both adventures and reading, and I’m so glad I participated. Until next year!

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Writing Shortcuts (Part 2): Getting Setting Right the First Time

Attention! This post was graciously sponsored by Grammarly. (Thanks Grammarly!!) I use Grammarly for proofreading because, as I’m sure all the zombies in the crowd will agree, two sets of eyeballs are better than one! (Is anyone else as excited for Halloween as I am?!)

Now, onto our regularly scheduled program: writing shortcuts, first drafts, and setting.

This map of Philadelphia State Hospital campus (the first photo that appears in my book) served as a basis for my fictional setting.

By now, I’m pretty confident you’re all aware of the existence of my first book. I’ve talked about it once or twice. It’s a book defined by place, about a place. Set broadly in America, on the outskirts of a major northern city, more specifically on a 1,165-acre property with 124 buildings, the place served as the focus, the setting, and the main character rolled all into one. Place and setting defined every word that appeared in the narrative. If a photograph wasn’t taken of the place or on the place, then the photograph didn’t need to appear in the story.

So what does this have to do with writing the first draft of a fiction manuscript? With fiction-writing shortcuts and nailing the setting the first time around?

A lot actually.

After spending eight months researching and reading and sorting through hundreds of photographs from hundreds of angles and time periods, I knew that place inside and out. I was intimate with its secret hallways, underground passages, the mundane chores that occurred behind every single closed door. The world was pre-built, so to speak, and my imagination was free to run wild through it.

As a result, little fragments started popping into my head, all set in the same place, on those same hospital grounds: It was a collection of what ifs? and characters and love stories and dark secrets and complicated family trees. Once I turned in the non-fiction manuscript on deadline, I dove head-first into this new story that was a product of my own imagination.

Except for the setting. The setting already existed. It was real and solid and the perfect base for all the action that was happening on its surface, in its forest, on its rooftops.

The setting gave birth to the stories, the characters, the plotlines that started to creep across the page. It defined the characters’ personalities, their fears, their actions, their memories.

In manuscripts I’ve attempted before this, setting was an afterthought, overshadowed by the characters and the plotline. It was something I defined in only the broadest of strokes: City or the country? Year? Season? Done.

This thoughtless method developed landscapes with random trees and floating rooms that didn’t connect to a house and roads wandering around in my fictional world, unconnected, unclear, confusing. Sometimes, reading through these drafts I would end up pulling my hair, wanting to scream “WHERE ARE WE?!” and “THIS DOESN’T MAKE SENSE!” and “Now the fireplace is in the MIDDLE of the room?! In the last scene it was by the DOOR!”

Remember those books you read growing up that had maps? Fantasy books with brand new worlds and countries and mysterious dark places? I love those and I think every single story needs them. They might not need them printed on the endpapers, but every author needs that cheat-sheet map during the drafting process. When writing the first draft of my manuscript, I ended up getting a chapter in and then stopping to draw down a map, to make sure the things always stayed in the same place, consistently from scene to scene, to have a master reference instead of making it up as I went along. (I was thinking about sharing my own hand-drawn map, but it’s so egregious, I’m not sure you’d even recognize what a tree was…so I’m refraining. Also, I’m not quite ready to share my fictional world or story yet. For now, it’s all mine.)

The map got more detailed, more crowded, more filled in, as the story progressed because new things needed to exist for new scenes. I got to know the setting as I drafted, just like I got to know the characters better. But already having the basics of the setting down before writing the story made it so much easier. And when I rewrote the entire manuscript for Draft #2, it was a relief that setting wasn’t one of the things I needed to completely overhaul.

So, thankfully, setting was one thing I got right before the first draft–this time around, at least. But pacing certainly wasn’t so smooth in that first draft! Tune in next week for the next post in this writing shortcuts mini-series.

Writing Shortcuts (Part 1): Things I Wish I Had Learned Before Draft #1

For the past five months I’ve been plowing my way through what I thought was going to be a revision of my WIP but morphed into a complete rewrite. Though I kept pieces of Draft #1, and used it as a loose outline of the chronological events that occur in the plot, ultimately I cut 33,000+ words out of 54,000 and ended up with a completely rewritten Draft #2 clocking in at roughly 66,000 words. I guess that was to be expected, because as I was reading through I was adding comments like “add whole new day here” and “add another day here,” “delete this whole chapter,” and “add scene, add scene, add scene.”

This draft was a huge learning experience for me. Not only did I learn so much about my characters, but I also learned a lot about the actual mechanics of storytelling, the functioning parts of a scene, creating backstory, and I learned a lot about generating conflict (I hate doing mean things to my characters! It’s so hard to do to the ones I like, and the ones who remind me of myself!).

Now that I’m back and gearing up–finally–for the heavy revision process, I thought I’d share a few writing shortcuts I’ve learned that I’ll definitely be using in future drafting processes (which will be really soon with NaNoWriMo 2013 nearly upon us! I have a great story idea I’m dying to get onto a page this November. Are you joining me this year??), shortcuts that would have made Draft #1 a whole lot less of a pile of crap (not that a draft can ever be anything but, but it can at least be a little less). I’m trying tell myself that spending another five months writing Draft #2 after #1 wasn’t a complete waste of time. It was an experience. Ah, novel writing. The frustrations.

I went at Draft #1 in a sort-of pantsing method and Draft #2 involved a lot more strategic planning. Though I don’t think I’ll ever become a full-blown plot outliner, it would be useful to utilize some of these planning tools in the future, to make pantsing Draft #1 a lot more cohesive and consistent.

Having been out of the blogging game for more than a month now, I figured I’d ease back into the habit by making this a mini series, one post a week. Also, this will allow me an abundance of time each week to still dedicate to the revision! I want to get this manuscript DONE and OUT of my hard drive and INTO my beta readers’ inboxes!

So, in future posts in future weeks, you can look forward to discussions of writing shortcuts on the topics of:

1. Setting

2. Pacing

3. Character sketches

4. Scene outlines

A Write-Tastic Summer

So, I went to a conference thing a few weeks ago. It was the first writing conference I’ve been to in a few years–since college, actually, when I used to drive all over the northeast region and crazy long miles away from the only town in Pennsylvania, fueled by a desperate need to find a few other people my age who were as crazy about writing and children’s literature as I was.

Money’s been tight and conference fees are high–so it seemed like a logical thing to cut from the budget. But when I found out that this year’s New Jersey Regional SCBWI conference was going to be down the road from me, only about seven minutes away, it gave me some serious pause. I wouldn’t have to worry about hotel or travel costs this year. I was further intrigued by the fact that the keynote speaker was going to be Lauren Oliver–who I hadn’t read but had heard great things. So after a book binge which included most of her backlist–Delirium, Pandemonium, Before I Fall, and Liesl and Po–I was hooked. I absolutely had to get myself to this conference.

Amazing writing. I seriously wanted to just pull out some of the beautiful sentences and frame them on my walls. And this happened to me for all of her books. I simply don’t have enough wall space. [deep sigh]

So I went. In some ways, I was a little disappointed. From my perspective, much of it seemed more heavily geared towards the topics and concerns pertinent to picture book writers than MG/YA writers and I came to the realization that I was “aged out” from the majority of the workshops dedicated to publishing. After the intensity of the NYU Summer Publishing Institute and my own insider understanding from working in publishing (admittedly, scholarly publishing) for two years, it was all old news to me. I didn’t need these more beginner, introductory sessions. So I changed up my schedule and started attending more of the craft-focused workshops and I am so glad I did. These were the most valuable portions of the conference for me.

With authors Kit Grindstaff and Jennifer Hubbard I delved into the backstories of my secondary characters, learning all their dirty little secrets and deepest regrets. With author/agent John Cusick, I studied the structure of successful first lines in some of my favorite YA and MG books. With author Laurie Calkhoven, I explored scene structure in a way that has completely upended my writing process–in a good way. I learned so much and got so many brain-fizzy ideas about how to rework my current manuscript. The conference opened my eyes to how much wonderfulness can be written into a good novel and gave me a bit of a reality check as to how much work I need to do for this book to be ready–ready to be queried, read, shared.

Even though it’s not published yet, he shared the first line. It’s a good one! Excited to pick up a copy!

It’s a YA novel, by the way, for those wondering. On this blog, for simplicity’s sake, and also because I’m too superstitious to share it completely, I’ll call it OMM, because that’s the acronym for the working title. (Any guesses for what it is? Feel free to guess in the comments!) I really like thinking of it as “OMM” because it sounds like that soothing meditation sound people make in the movies (clearly, I do not meditate myself). Ommmmmmmmmmmm….

Right, back from that. So, with my brain crammed to burst with inspiration and new ideas, over the following weeks I was (and still am) completely swallowed by this book, in a good way. The revisions are going well. I’m about 25% done. (I’m a linear writer, so I have to go one chapter at a time, and I’m averaging around three chapters improved to my satisfaction a week.) I’m sharing batches of these chapters with a few critique partners and based on their AMAZING feedback, I know there’s going to be another revision swift on the heels of this one. I’m not disappointed by this fact, or overwhelmed by the knowledge of how much work is on the horizon. Even though the CPs are pointing out plot holes, moments where the characterization needs to be flushed out, pacing issues–i.e. things that are WRONG–the fact is that they’re critiquing an existing plot, existing characters, an existing manuscript. It’s nice to realize that I’m not writing a book from scratch. Instead, I’m revising and improving the stuff that’s already there. The revisions have successfully taken what was a big pile of mess into a real manuscript. OMM (I can’t resist. ommmmmmmmmm…) has some warts, definitely needs some more serious revising, but it’s a full and complete story, and while it’s doing a lot of things wrong, it’s also doing a lot of things right. This jumble of 50,000+ words is coming to life, slowly making some baby steps on its own.

As Lauren Oliver said in her keynote speech, writing is “something that is both an indulgence and really hard at the same time.”Dwelling in my own little fictional world, pitting the characters against each other, has been a combination of that: terrifyingly challenging but also thrilling. Kind of like those roller coaster rides I associate with summer and fairs and other wonderful things.

I’m not sure yet if the past few weeks of silence on the blog has been a preview for the rest of the summer. Sometimes, when I sit down to write a blog post, it just feels like I’m stealing writing time away from that book. Every free moment I have I want to dedicate to the book or to reading more books within the genre, to see how others before me have done it. As Stephen Barbara, an amazing agent I met at the conference, wrote in an article: “Read till you nearly go blind; write till your fingers are numb.” I am definitely doing that! In the less than a month since the conference alone I’ve written 17,000 polished words and read 6 books (5 of them YA/MG)!

For example, I just read this one and OMG STOP WHAT YOU’RE DOING AND READ IT ASAP! (Unless you haven’t read the first one yet. In that case–do you live under a rock? What are you DOING with your life!? Call off work sick and read both in one sitting ASAP.)

I really want to have OMM polished up for submission by the end of the summer, and to make more time for it, it seems logical to cut TV time (done!) and blogging time. On top of this, my job just moved location and my daily commute is a little longer. Finding writing time is becoming logistically a bit harder. But I’m doing it every day, hammering out and shaping up 500-1,000 satisfying words a day, about four days a week. My game plan is focusfocusfocus.

As for what else I’m doing with my life, I’m trying to immerse myself in writing circles by spending time on the Absolute Write forums, a new discovery in my life, which is helping keep my craft-hungry brain well-fed. If you’re already on there, friend me and I hope I’ll see you around the boards!

Also: CALL OUT FOR CRITIQUE PARTNERS!

If you’re in similar straights, writing young adult or middle grade fiction, and are looking to swap WIP chapters and develop a long-term critique partner relationship, let me know! I’m making time to seriously read other people’s writing as well as writing my own and I’d LOVE to share/swap chapters with you! The more the merrier!

Build Your Dream Home (in Your Novel)

I wouldn’t mind moving here… (Sunset Key, Key West)

While walking to my neighborhood gym in the dark the other night, I crossed a bridge over a tiny creek that cuts through my backyard in the winter, a rush of freezing water, and dries up to non-existence in the summer months. I couldn’t see it, but I could hear the gurgle and it had an instantly relaxing effect on me. I love water–ocean waves, running rivers, calm lakes, farm ponds–and living near it is really important to me. This tiny little creek was actually one of the bonus points when I was house hunting this time last year (I can’t believed I’ve lived here an entire year already!) and touring the prospective condo and neighborhood. I was bitterly disappointed when summer, my favorite season, came round and there was nothing but a dried up creek bed left behind.

It got me thinking about people who really love those shows like House Hunters, and the actual act of house hunting, even if it’s just fantasy house hunting, like when you drive into a neighborhood and point out the houses you’d love to live in, pulling “that wraparound porch” and “that house” and relocating them from their currently less-than-ideal highway location to the more ideal beach front property in your mind. (Wait, what? You don’t do that? I thought everybody does…) Even if you don’t Frankenstein together your dream home in your daydreams, you might have a Pinterest account with boards dedicated to the patchwork image of your dream home, or dream kitchen, or dream backyard. (Pool and tea gardens, anyone?)

While walking past that creek, I thought about all the things I’d love to have cramped into a square mile radius of my home–waterfall hiking trails, beach, boardwalk, all my closest friends and relatives–and it popped into my mind how nice it would be if there was a river in my current WIP. Or, even better, the ocean. I love to swim and I love all the activities associated with pool days and creek days or beach days and I think writing scenes where my characters get to engage in those activities would be a lot of fun.

And I realized…why hadn’t I thought to put those kinds of setting features into my story before? I’m writing FICTION where I’m entitled to make up everything, limited only by my imagination! Why am I denying myself, denying my characters, the fun it is to have all my favorite things put together in one place?

You all might have figured out that you can put everything you could possibly want into your fiction, but I really struggle with the limitations of reality in my stories, even if they’re set in made-up places. Like, right now I’m writing a post-apocalyptic type story sort of in the outskirts of Philadelphia. I really wanted certain geographic features, but I kept denying myself that river I really wanted, because there’s no river there in real life.

Uh, hello! It’s a post-apocalyptic world! Not only that, it’s MY post-apocalyptic world! Anything I want could be there!

It’s disappointing to say that my imagination is actually a little limiting, sometimes, but I’m working on it!

I think one of the best examples of all the best stuff being in the same place (on a small scale) is Neverland, in Peter Pan. First of all, they’re on an island: Bonus Point #1. It’s also a warm, tropical island, with a Neverwood full of adventures and a lagoon: Bonus Point #2. The Lost Boys get to go down custom-made tree trunk entrances to their cozy Home Underground: Bonus Points #3 and #4, respectively. And the neighborhood? There are fairies, pirates, Indians, AND mermaids, bonus points x10000.

Do you let your characters live in your dream house? Are there any fictional settings that have you ready to pack your bags and move in?

(Image Credit: Flickr Creative Commons, State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/102143. Dale M. McDonald Collection)

I Love Free Books

How many of you use Goodreads? [counts hands]

How many of you enter into those Goodreads giveaways? [counts hands]

If you didn’t raise your hand for one or both of the above questions, CHANGE THIS RIGHT NOW. If you love books–which I assume you do, if you’re reading this, because I talk about them quite a bit on the blog and I can only imagine that would be annoying for non-book lovers–you obviously also love free books, right? With reading habits as ferocious as ours, free books (and bookstore gift cards!) are pretty much the best gifts of all time.

Goodreads has wormed its way even deeper into my heart by gifting me two free books in the past two weeks! They weren’t gifts, really, I won them by entering the giveaways, but they FEEL like gifts!

Happy Birthday to me.

I won this one two weeks ago and got the book in the mail on Friday. Excited!

According to Goodreads, Family Pictures

New York Times bestseller Jane Green delivers a riveting novel about two women whose lives intersect when a shocking secret is revealed. From the author of Another Piece of My Heart comes the gripping story of two women who live on opposite coasts but whose lives are connected in ways they never could have imagined. Both women are wives and mothers to children who are about to leave the nest for school. They’re both in their forties and have husbands who travel more than either of them would like. They are both feeling an emptiness neither had expected. But when a shocking secret is exposed, their lives are blown apart. As dark truths from the past reveal themselves, will these two women be able to learn to forgive, for the sake of their children, if not for themselves?

I got the email this morning that I won a copy! What a good way to start off a Monday!!

Also according to Goodreads, Mila 2.0

Mila 2.0 is the first book in an electrifying sci-fi thriller series about a teenage girl who discovers that she is an experiment in artificial intelligence.

Mila was never meant to learn the truth about her identity. She was a girl living with her mother in a small Minnesota town. She was supposed to forget her past —that she was built in a secret computer science lab and programmed to do things real people would never do.

Now she has no choice but to run—from the dangerous operatives who want her terminated because she knows too much and from a mysterious group that wants to capture her alive and unlock her advanced technology. However, what Mila’s becoming is beyond anyone’s imagination, including her own, and it just might save her life.

Mila 2.0 is Debra Driza’s bold debut and the first book in a Bourne Identity–style trilogy that combines heart-pounding action with a riveting exploration of what it really means to be human. Fans of I Am Number Four will love Mila for who she is and what she longs to be—and a cliffhanger ending will leave them breathlessly awaiting the sequel.

(PS: Mila 2.0 has a free prequel, if you’re interested in reading it. I’m going to pick it up as I anxiously await the book in the mail.)

Of course, I’m going to prioritize these two books and read them as quickly as possible so I can get my review up on Goodreads as quickly as possible. The whole point of the giveaways is to generate some buzz before the book goes on sale so readers can get excited and run to the book store the first day it’s available. (Family Pictures goes on sale March 19th and Mila 2.0 goes on sale March 12th.) I owe them the review, for being kind enough to send the book along, though I don’t owe them a good review. If I didn’t like the book, I’ll say so (in a completely professional and “this is just my opinion” way, because I’m not a Goodreads bully), but I’ve been reading the already posted reviews and I’m pretty confident I’m going to enjoy them, especially the Mila 2.0 book.

[happy dance]

Reading time!!

PPS: Be my friend on Goodreads! I love sharing and getting book recommendations :]

Outlining After the Fact, Remembering Where You’ve Been

Who did what in that last scene again?

In the popular terms of “pantser” and “plotter,” I’m not really sure what camp I fit in with yet. Besides the unique experience of NaNo, (which didn’t help me create anything of quality) I’ve never sat in front of a blank screen waiting for the characters to take action on their own accord, dumping whatever words pop into my head onto the screen. At the same time, while I like writing down bits of inspiration and short-hand scene notes for later use, I don’t create an outline of an entire book either. When I get a flash of a good idea out of order (I have to write linearly, otherwise my brain gets scrambled and I lose track of the whole book), I make a note and these scraps get stored away for later. But this isn’t an organized method–literally, it’s a respectable-sized mountain of torn scrap paper with scribbles on them. I don’t properly pants or plot.

I’m not sure if aligning myself with one of these writing methods would improve my writing, or at least improve my productivity, but I do know that whatever it is I’m doing with the current WIP–pantsing, plotting, or a combo of the two–isn’t quite working.

I noticed in the past couple weeks that, despite my commitment to writing linearly, my brain was still getting scrambled around the plot line, my memory was fuzzy regarding different characters, and before I could sit down to write anything new, I had to reread the entire book to refresh myself with the story and get into the right mindset to write more. This reviewing time was severely cutting into my writing time. After an hour read, I’d only have a half hour left over to write anything new. And then three or four days later when I had a free hour or two to dedicate to writing, I had do do it all over again because–again–I had forgotten the most recent plot developments which would inspire the next plot developments, I would have forgotten the voice–everything.

Basically, I needed a more effective method to dive into my story. Reintroducing myself to the story by rereading 15,000+ words (and growing) EVER SINGLE TIME just to write another thousand words wasn’t really getting me anywhere.

Solution? Outlining after the fact.

So I went through the six chapters I already wrote and created an outline of what happened, what characters were introduced, etc. It’s less than a page long and takes me five minutes to review before diving into chapter seven. Every time I finish writing a new chapter, I stop, reread it, and outline the major events that will need to be remembered later. Did a new character get introduced (if so, what’s their name and relationship to the MC)? Did two characters have a fight (and if so, what about)? What’s the setting?

Reading the full arc of the story in that way–seeing how chapter one links to the next one and the next, seeing the progression of events and character development in that condensed manner–is SO HELPFUL. Every new chapter I write, now, is better connected to the overall story. It’s helping me write more cohesively and with greater focus and I think when it’s revision time, it’s going to save me a massive “WHAT IS GOING ON WHAT WAS I THINKING WHEN I WROTE THIS PILE OF UNRELATED CRAP” headache.

Do you struggle with keeping your story straight? If so, what do you do to keep track of it all? Or do you all have magical computer brains that forget nothing?

(Image located on Flickr Creative Commons. Courtesy of Cornell University Library, Human Ecology Historical Photographs, Collection #23-2-749, item H-O-09, Div. Rare & Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.)